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FLORA & FAUNA

 

Many Thanks to Dave Trevan for the following article on the Villages Flora and Fauna.

 

 

The Undercliff landslide complex is a wide slumped skirt of land stretching for nearly 10 km along the coast, from Luccombe in the east and Blackgang in the west. The south facing, sheltered Undercliff has a warm, humid environment which has given rise to its own distinctive flora. The main habitats to be found here are:

Chalk grassland
Woodland
Maritime cliff

 

 

Flora & Fauna Gallery
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Much of the Undercliff is wooded and consists of secondary woodland containing a high proportion of non-native species such as Sycamore.
Amongst the species to be found in and around St. Lawrence are:

1. TREES


Acer pseudoplatanus “Sycamore”
Fraxinus excelsior “Ash”
Taxus baccata “Yew”
Tilia europaea “Lime”
Quercus cerris “Turkey Oak”
Quercus ilex “Holm Oak”
Ulmus glabra “Wych Elm”
Crataegus monogyna “Hawthorn”
Aesculus hippocastanum “Horsechestnut

2. SHRUBS


Ruscus aculeatus “Butcher’s Broom”
Sambucus nigra “Elder”
Clematis vitalba “Old Man’s Beard”
Ligustrum vulgare “Wild Privet”
Buddleja davidii “Butterfly Bush”
Daphne laureola “Spurge Laurel”
Tamarix gallica “Tamarisk”
Viburnum tinus “Laurustinus”
Lonicera periclymenum “Honeysuckle
Rubus fruticosus “Bramble”
Hedera helix “Ivy”
Prunus spinosa “Blackthorn”
Symphoricarpos albus “Snowberry

3. WOODLAND GROUND FLORA

 

Geranium robertianum “Herb Robert”
Carex pendula “Pendulous Sedge”
Circaea lutetiana “Enchanter’s Nightshade”
Allium ursinum “Ramson’s”
Myosotis sylvatica “Wood Forget -me -not”
Glechoma hederacea “Ground Ivy”
Urtica dioica “Common Nettle”
Rumex sanguineus “Wood Dock”
Primula vulgaris “Primrose”
Carex pendula “Pendulous Sedge”
Geum urbanum “Wood Avens”
Ranunculus ficaria “Celandine”
Heracleum spondylium “Hogweed”
Arum maculatum “Lord’s and Ladies”
Arum italicum “Italian Lords’s and Ladies”
Iris foetidissima “Stinking Iris”
Galium aparine “Goosegrass”
Phyllitis scolpendrium “Hart’s Tongue Fern”
Poa annua “Annual Meadow Grass”
Alliaria petiolata “Jack –by the Hedge”
Hyacinthoides hispanica “Spanish Bluebell”
Taraxacum officinale “Dandelion”
Arctium minus “Lesser Burdock”
Stachys sylvatica “”Hedge Woundwort”
Viola odorata “ Sweet Violet”

Bellis perennis “Daisy”
Epilobium hirsutum “Greater Willowherb”

Humulus lupulus “Hop”

4. GRASSLAND AND MARITIME FLORA

Armeria maritima “Thrift”
Beta vulgaris “Sea Beet”
Plantago major “Greater Plantain”

Plantago coronopus “Buck’s Horn Plantain
Plantago lanceolata “Ribwort Plantain”
Plantago media “Hoary Plantain”
Cirsium arvense “Creeping Thistle”
Cynoglossum officinale “Hound’s Tongue”
Ophrys apifera “Bee Orchid”
Spergularia rupicola “Rock Spurrey”
Lotus corniculatus “Bird’s Foot Trefoil”
Anthyllis vulneraria “Kidney Vetch”
Vicia sativa “Common Vetch”
Hippocrepis comosa “Horseshoe Vetch”
Trifolium pratense “Red Clover”
Ranunculus acris “Meadow Buttercup”
Ranunculus bulbosus “Bulbous Buttercup”
Smyrnium olusatrum “Alexanders”
Primula veris “Cowslip”
Phragmites australis “Common Reed”
Crithmum maritimum “Rock Samphire”
Glaucium flavum “Yellow Horned Poppy”
Malva sylvestris “Common Mallow”
Senecio jacobaea “Ragwort”
Eupatorium cannabinum “Hemp Agrimony”
Atriplex patula “Common Orache”

Daucus carota “Wild Carrot”
Anagallis arvensis “Scarlet Pimpernel”
Pulicaria dysenterica “Common Fleabane”
Mercurialis perennis” Dog’s Mercury”
Solanum dulcamara ” Bittersweet”
Dipsacus fullonum “Wild Teasel”
Picris echiodes “ Bristly Ox Tongue”
Sanguisorba minor “ Salad Burnet”
Scrophularia nodosa “Common Figwort”
Pteridium aquilinum ” Bracken”
Galium mollugo “Hedge Bedstraw”
Ononis repens “Common Restharrow”
Convovulus arvensis “Bindweed”
Tussilago farfara ”Coltsfoot”
Sonchus oleraceous “Smooth Sow Thistle”
Serratula tinctoria “Saw –wort”